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Climatic Conditions of Andaman and Nicobar Islands

The islands of Andaman and Nicobar enjoy a beautiful climate for most of the year. It largely enjoys a moderate temperature for majority period of the year. The temperature in these islands generally hovers between 23 degree Celsius and 31 degree Celsius. Hence the islands remain neither too hot nor too cold but just right for enjoying what the nature has to offer. If we were to categorize the climatic conditions of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands then we can say that it belongs to the category of warm tropical climate. The sea breeze blowing into the islands are very helpful in maintaining this moderate temperature. The only time the islands experience irregular rainfall is during the south – west monsoon but this is very helpful in cooling the overall climate of the islands.

Different Seasons

The islands experience the same season which are experienced by the majority of mainland India. Given below are the different seasons which the islands of the Andaman and Nicobar experience.


If we look at the climatic conditions of the island as a whole then it does not experience extreme conditions except for a few storms and rains during the monsoon season. Unlike most of the mainland of India which experience monsoons just once, the islands experience monsoon twice every year. The first time these islands experience monsoon is during the month of May and it continues right up to the middle of September. It again visits the island in November and continues to the mid of December. The great thing during the monsoons is that the water neither clogs in the islands nor does it cause any sort of traffic jams which is a common sight in mainland India.


The summer in the islands extends from March and continues to May. It is warm but not unbearable. It does remain pleasant due to the sea breeze which continuously keeps blowing in but the humidity level continues to remain around 80%. It is the most suitable season to visit these islands. The minimum temperature during summers hovers around 22 degree Celsius while the maximum temperature tends to reach the mid – thirties which makes it slightly warm.


The winters extend from December and continue to February. The islands do not get very chilly during winter and makes it a perfect time for sightseeing. A lot of people believe that the islands do not experience winter at all and this believe is largely because the islands do not experience conventional winters. The lowest temperature that is reached is 22 degree Celsius while the maximum temperature that it reaches is 30 degree Celsius. The islands experience a gust of wind all through the year except maybe for a few months here and there. From November to December, it experiences north – easterly storms and from the month of May to the month of October, these islands face the south – westerly gust. The only months in the entire year when the island remains calm and tranquil is during the months starting from January to April. It is recommended to visit the islands during these months and avoid them during the monsoons because the weather tends to get rough due to the storms which tend to come in. According to the weather information available, the islands stand to receive approximately 318 centimeters of rainfall and the temperature during this season drops between 22.5 degrees Celsius to 29.9 degrees Celsius.


If we go by the information that is made available regarding the climate, humidity also is an important facet. The humidity that the islands face throughout the year is approximately 80%. The major reason behind such high humidity is due to the fact that the islands are located in the Bay of Bengal. This in turn ensures that these islands experience a high humidity as compared to the other islands located around India. The summers in these islands tend to get temperate but thankfully the breeze which keeps blowing in from the sea cools the island. This makes the period between March and May ideal to visit the islands. The winters in the islands do not get bitterly cold, it largely remains warm and humid. If you are the kind who enjoys chilly weather then visiting the Andaman and Nicobar during winters is not advisable. However the winter does make the island perfect for sightseeing.

Visiting the Islands

If you enjoy a moderate kind of climate then your search ends at the Andaman and Nicobar islands since it has a beautiful tropical climate and enjoys a pleasant environment through most of the year. This climate makes sure that the forests which cover a vast area of these islands remain lush green and this adds to the beauty of these islands and makes it picturesque. The best period during the year to visit these islands is during the months ranging from October up to May.

It is recommended to steer clear of these islands during the months of June to September as the islands receive heavy rainfall. The months from October to May are perfect to fulfill the desires of trying out the water sports and also to capture the beauty of the islands. Tourists can be a part of the annual tourism festival which is celebrated across the length and breadth of the Andamans. Since this period follows the monsoon, the forests are lush green and the waters are clear. The summer months from March to May, make the islands warmer than usual.

However it still remains pleasant and largely bearable due to the breeze coming in from the sea. Thus your holiday can be very enjoyable if you decide to visit these islands during the summer months. The unanimous verdict for the months perfect for visiting the islands is between that of October and May.

Whether you enjoy the rainy season, the balmy summers or cool winters the islands perfectly cater to all sorts of visitors. You can choose your visiting months according to the season that you enjoy because every season on these islands are perfect.